Henry IV
Born: 15 Apr, 1367
Died: 20 Mar, 1413
Coronation Date: 13 Oct, 1399

Henry was a son of John of Gaunt, Duke of Lancaster (a son of Edward III) and Blanche. He was born at Bolingbroke Castle in Lincolnshire on 4 April 1366. As his elder brothers died he succeeded his father in 1399. After the death of his first wife he travelled on the continent and then was troubled by rebellions at home and in Wales. It was prophesied that he would die in Jerusalem but as it was he was taken ill while praying at St Edward's Shrine in Westminster Abbey and died in a room in the Abbot's House called the Jerusalem Chamber.

Marriage

Aged 14 he was married at Arundel Castle to Mary de Bohun in about 1380. His second wife was Joan of Navarre whom he married at Winchester on 7 February 1403.

Coronation

Henry IV was crowned on 13 October 1399. He had two coronation processions, one from Westminster to the Tower of London on the eve of the coronation and then from the Tower back to Westminster on the afternoon of the next day. His queen Joan of Navarre was crowned in 1403.

Burial 

He died on 20 March 1413 of a stroke and by his own wish was buried at Canterbury cathedral near the Shrine of St Thomas a Becket.

A photo of the painting on wood (illustrated) and his plaster bust, both in the Jerusalem Chamber, can be purchased from Westminster Abbey Library.

Further reading:

Oxford Dictionary of National Biography 2004

Henry IV by C.Given-Wilson, 2016

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