Anne Neville, wife of Richard III
Born: 11 Jun, 1456
Died: 16 Mar, 1485
Location in the Abbey: South amulatory, sacrarium, high altar
Type of memorial: Grave; plaque
Type of material: Brass

Anne was the younger daughter of Richard Neville, Earl of Warwick and Salisbury ('the King-Maker'), and his wife Anne Beauchamp. She was born at Warwick Castle on 11 June 1456.

Marriage

On 12 July 1472 she was married to Richard, Duke of Gloucester (who became Richard III). Their son Edward, Prince of Wales, died in 1484 and is buried at Sheriff Hutton in Yorkshire near lands the Neville's owned.

Coronation

When Richard came to the throne in 1483 Anne was crowned with him in the Abbey on 6 July. The couple walked barefoot on a ribbon of red cloth from Westminster Hall to the Abbey.

Burial

Anne died at the Palace of Westminster on 16 March 1485 during an eclipse of the sun.  She had a magnificent funeral and was buried on the southern side of the Abbey's High Altar, in front of the Sedilia (seats for the priests). No gravestone or monument marked her grave, possibly because Richard was killed that year at the battle of Bosworth. 

A brass plate and coat of arms, designed by J. Sebastian Comper, was erected in 1960 on the wall of the south ambulatory (the nearest area that was possible to the grave site), with the inscription:

ANNE NEVILL 1456-1485 QUEEN OF ENGLAND YOUNGER DAUGHTER OF RICHARD EARL OF WARWICK CALLED THE KINGMAKER WIFE TO THE LAST PLANTAGENET KING RICHARD III. "In person she was seemly, amiable and beauteous...And according to the interpretation of her name Anne full gracious" REQUIESCAT IN PACE.

The quotation is taken from the Rous Roll in the British Library. The heraldic shield is enamelled and surmounted by a coronet.

A photo of the brass can be purchased from Westminster Abbey Library.

Further reading

The coronation of Richard III… edited by A.Sutton and P.W.Hammond, 1983
Richard III by Charles Ross, 1981
Richard the Third by P.M. Kendall, 1955

Oxford Dictionary of National Biography 2004

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